Cast & Crew’s Loss Prevention program will help your production protect itself against mistakes and mishaps. In the gallery below, you’ll find all the forms and resources related to our program and Loss Prevention services.
Special and additional precautions should be taken if venomous reptiles are being filmed.
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms present in blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS. Workers exposed to bloodborne pathogens are at risk for serious or life-threatening illnesses.
This inspection should be completed twice during a business day and once after each shift. Again, remember that we must always be on the lookout for problems.
Check all top-ropes for signs of excessive wear and abrasion. Check all lead ropes for signs of excessive wear and abrasion. Make sure that all bolts on the wall have quick draws and that they are in good condition. Check for abrasion on the webbing and grooves in the carabiners. Maintain this information in Rope and Maintenance Logs.
All climbers who do not present a Safety Card when checking in must pass the safety test before climbing at the facility. The climber must demonstrate the ability to properly put on and tie in to their harness. The climber must also show proper belaying skills. These skills must be demonstrated without coaching by other climbers. Any climber who wants to “lead climb” must first pass the Lead Test. Anyone who does not have a Safety Card should not be allowed to use the facility.
Rope sheathing is not load bearing, but protects the rope core.
Inspect ropes daily, maintain a written inspection log. The most important things to check for with top ropes are sheath slippage and sheath abrasion. Retire any ropes with slippage greater than five inches.
Abrasion should also be checked for. Look at the rope over its entire length. If there are sections that look “fuzzy”, Retire the rope.
All climbers must have a UIAA approved harness, belay device and locking carabiner. Check for excessive abrasion in the webbing, buckle, and tie-in points during periodic checks. Retire a harness if it displays signs of excessive wear in these areas, or after three years.
Bolts fasten holds to the t-nut in the climbing wall, and are organized by type. Retire bolts with stripped threads, they will damage the t-nuts and make it difficult to properly torque holds.
Most often due to over-tightening, climbing holds will break. It is recommended that these holds be returned to the
manufacturer for replacement. Often, broken holds will be replaced free of charge as per their warranty. It also helps the hold company improve and strengthen their mix.
Rough up the back of the hold and re-tighten. As a second option, place a small foothold very close to prevent it from spinning, like a doorstop.
CUT HOLDS HARDWARE INSPECTION
Sometimes the friction of a rope rubbing against a hold will cut the hold. This can create a sharp edge that may damage rope or a climber. Retire a hold that has a cut.
Route setting is a valuable product a gym offers. Creating a fun, challenging, and safe atmosphere is a skill that can be augmented by following this doctrine to keep climbers safe.
Keep climbers away from stairs, ladders, equipment, mechanical & plumbing protuberances, as well as wall features like arêtes. Minimize swinging falls, and eliminate them if adjacent routes could be affected.
The second clip: greatest potential of a severe fall. This is where a climber could contact the ground from the greatest height in the event of a fall. The final clip: include a solid jug for ease of clipping the final anchor. Clips should not be the crux - the hardest parts of an indoor route should be the moves in between clips.
Vertical, slab & slight-overhang walls: limit or eliminate use of large, protruding holds. These have great potential to cause injury to knees, elbows, ribs, ankles and heads. Watch for wear spots on holds that create a sharp edge.
Ensure that ladder users are well versed in ladder safety and use. Basic ladder information can be found at:
Setters working on a ladder will wear a harness with two slings & locking carabiners on the front. At heights over 6 feet the setter will clip into an anchor, affording use of both hands as well as fall protection should the ladder fall.
When working with a ladder and a top-rope, ladder setters may self-belay on the ladder. Tie an over- hand knot on the brake hand side to prevent the rope from feeding through in the event of a fall. Have someone on the ground hoist holds, bolts and tools up to the setter with a bucket on a rope. Nothing should be tossed up or dropped from height. Fully collapse extension ladders before moving them.
Use a self-locking belay device, such as a Gri-Gri. At height, tie an overhand knot on a bight below the belay device to prevent rope from feeding through in case it releases unexpectedly. Designate someone on the ground to hoist holds, hardware and tools in a bucket.
Climber: Provides protection against swinging falls or lead falls, and falling rock. An unconscious climber cannot help themselves.
Belayer: Loose rock and debris striking an unprotected belayer can spell disaster for the climber.
Are you tied in correctly? Check your knot. Check for good tail length. Check for correct placement on your harness.
Rope threaded through your belay Device? Carabiners Locked? Check your partner.
Before ascending, agree on a plan with your partner for communication en-route, and what you’ll do when you get to the anchor. Ensure that you’re in a position to convey intent to your partner if necessary - take into consideration factors such as ambient noise and line of sight.
When placing quickdraws, note where the carabiner could end up under load - if it’s hanging over an edge in a fall, it could break because it is not designed for this type of loading.
Check ropes for signs of excessive wear and abrasion. Check for abrasion on webbing and grooves or deformities in carabiners. If these conditions exist, remove the equipment from service. Check bolts on the route you are climbing for corrosion and fractures. If you find anchors that show excessive wear, find a safe way down.
Z-Clipping: When a climber grabs rope from below the last clipped bolt, then clips it to a higher bolt, forming a ‘Z’ shape with the rope. This will create so much rope drag that climbing up will be impossible. Avoid by reaching for the rope close to your harness, at the tie-in knot.
Back-clipping: While lead climbing, clip in to your quickdraw so that the climber’s end of the rope faces away from the rock. During a fall, rope can tangle the carabiner gate of a back-clipped quickdraw, causing it to open, which leaves the climber unprotected.
Top-rope through your own quickdraws attached to fixed anchors. Repeated rope contact on fixed anchors will wear them down over time to the point where the hardware is ruined. When you’re finished on the route, lower once or rappel through fixed anchors.
When belaying on a single-pitch route, tie a knot in the end, tie the end to the rope bag, or yourself. Being lowered off the end of a rope on a sport climbing route is a common incident. Slipping off the end of a rappel is also common, even among the most experienced climbers in the world.
Rappelling accidents are most frequently associated with detaching from the rappel rope and anchor failure. Follow this guidance for rappelling:
Environmental dangers are often fatal to climbers. Plan and prepare for the risks associated with lightning, heat, cold, and wet conditions. Even if afflictions such as heat illnesses or hypothermia don’t prove deadly in and of themselves, they can cloud a climber’s judgment, leading us to make decisions that have deadly consequences.
A condition in which the body uses up its stored energy and can no longer produce heat. Often occurs after prolonged exposure to cold temperature.
Judging and managing the space between your vehicle and the one in front of you is a critical part of driving safely. According to NHTSA, rear-end collisions account for approximately 1.7 million collisions which amounts to about 1,700 fatalities and 500,000 injured. of all crashes on an annual basis.
Following too closely is often referred to as “Tailgating”. Tailgating is a form of aggressive driving when impatience leads to driving too closely to the lead vehicle. The odds of a crash go up when tailgating behavior is combined with other factors like:
You need more space when….
In today’s busy world, distractions are everywhere. Our phones and other electronics allow us to be in constant contact with work and family, but they also present potential dangers. Mobile devices are the leading cause of distraction behind the wheel . Each year crash and injury statistics rise in number and severity. Don’t be a statistic.
Each day in the United States, approximately 9 people are killed and more than 1,000 injured in crashes that are reported to involve a distracted driver.
Distracted driving is driving while doing another activity that takes your attention away from driving. Distracted driving can increase the chance of a motor vehicle crash.
There are 3 main types of Distraction:
Sending a text message, talking on a cell phone, using a navigation system, and eating while driving are a few examples of distracted driving.
Texting while driving is especially dangerous because it combines all three types of distraction. When you send or read a text message, you take your eyes off the road for about 5 seconds, long enough to cover the length a football field while driving at 55 mph.
Electrical current is unforgiving
Electrocutions happen in less than a second. More than 2/3 of those killed by electricity are not electricians.
Overhead power lines are the primary killers
You can be killed instantly if you are carrying a metal ladder or metal equipment and you touch a power line.
Even household current can kill you
Remove and tag as "Do Not Use" anything that has exposed wiring, a missing ground prong, a cracked tool casing, or a frayed, taped, or spliced cord. Use double-insulated tools marked with the symbol at left.
GFCIs (ground fault circuit interrupters) save lives on sites. OSHA requires GFCIs on all temporary wiring. (You should hit the “test” and “reset” buttons on GFCIs to make sure they are working.) A competent person should test tools and equipment to make sure they are safe.
Check to see if there are any live electrical circuits where you can contact them – overhead or underground power lines or circuits in walls where you might drill. If there are, assure that you and your co-workers know where the hazards are and how to work.
Speak up if you’re not sure.
OSHA says electrical systems must be grounded. All electric systems, including wiring and switches, must be checked prior to use to be sure the path to ground is continuous.
If you are not sure, ask the supervisor on the job.
OSHA warns that the following equipment poses risk around lines:
Electrical hazards are also at eye level and undergound:
In wet or damp areas, use only tools or equipment designed and labeled for that use. Use fiberglass or wooden ladders and keep metal ladders away from live electric current. Any tool, regardless of the material can be deadly when wet.
Fall Protection deficiencies are the most commonly cited standards and fall related incidents consistently result in the most serious injuries, potentially even death, according to OSHA.gov. The Bureau of Labor Statistics identified falls to a lower level as the cause of nearly 30% of all fatal occupational accidents, excluding transportation related incidents.
There is an inherent need for work at heights with employee understanding of this severe risk potential critically important. There should be a focused and specific emphasis on recognition, planning and controlling work at height risks, ensuring that all activities (including non-production, one off activities) are included in the awareness and education efforts.
A system of components used to arrest (catch) an employee in a fall from a working level.
A body belt or body harness rigged to allow an employee to be supported on an elevated vertical surface, such as a wall, and work with both hands free while leaning.
A travel-restraint system lets a worker travel just far enough to reach the edge but not far enough to fall over. Typically Involves a harness, lifeline, grab rope and anchor point.
Employee fatigue affects both safety and productivity at work. Fatigue management is a shared responsibility, including management, supervision, and employees. Addressing fatigue will help reduce workplace injuries, reduce errors, and provide a safe and healthy work environment.
Fatigue associated with extended hours, night shifts, and rotating shifts can have a negative impact on safety and performance. In order to prevent the negative impacts of workplace fatigue, it is important to understand the distinction between personal sources and work sources of fatigue.
Some of these, such as stress and lack of sleep due to work schedules may overlap. Work sources may include shift work, shift changes, overtime, and staffing issues. There may also be environmental factors such as vibration, light levels, noise, and job demands.
It is important for food service personnel to understand how their behavior and activities contribute to the safety of food and how they can decrease the risk of foodborne illness. From processes on the farm to practices in the kitchen, everyone plays an important role in food safety.
Portable generators can be handy when used properly but can be deadly as well, particularly from carbon monoxide fumes emitted by the gasoline engine on the generator.
Follow these tips to generate power and safety when using a generator.
|NEVER operate a generator inside a building or in other enclosed or partially-enclosed spaces, including garages.|
|A generator is a temporary power source and should never be used as a permanent solution.|
|NEVER connect generators directly to household wiring without first installing a transfer switch. This prevents backfeeding which could electrocute utility workers making repairs.|
|Make sure the generator is properly grounded and used with a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI).|
|Do not overload the generator.|
|It is recommended for generators to be positioned at least 20 feet from doors, windows, and vents to prevent CO from entering the building.|
|Install battery-operated CO Alarms or plug-in CO alarms with battery backup inside the building.|
|Turn off generators and let them cool down before refueling. NEVER refuel a generator while it is hot.|
|Use only heavy-duty outdoor-rated extension cords that have a three-pronged plug and are rated for the inteded load.|
|The generator should be installed by a qualified electrician and bear the mark of a nationally recognized testing lab, such as UL, Intertek or CSA.|
Golf carts, golf cars, Personal Transport Vehicles (PTV), and Gators are involved in a number of accidents each year, resulting in personal injury, death, and property damage. There are specific guidelines that should be followed for safe operation of golf carts.
Primary safety features of a golf cart include speed governors, braking systems, backup alarms and solid chassis designs. Additional features may include seat belts, mirrors, lights, etc. depending upon their use. Removing these safety controls from a cart should never be permitted. Productions that purchase older or refurbished carts should check with manufacturers to assure that the safety controls and devices are in place.
GotSafety has partnered with Zurich Risk Engineering to give you access to multiple bilingual lessons, helping you keep your employees up to date on their safety training. GotSafety specializes in creating customized comprehensive safety program documentation, providing safety training materials, and offering consultations from safety questions to OSHA citation consults. You may view a general list of videos here:
If you would like to arrange for a Zurich Production Services Consultation or speak with a GotSafety professional, please contact:
Handwashing can help prevent illness. It involves five simple and effective steps (Wet, Lather, Scrub, Rinse, Dry) you can take to reduce the spread of diarrheal and respiratory illness so you can stay healthy. Regular handwashing, particularly before and after certain activities, is one of the best ways to remove germs, avoid getting sick, and prevent the spread of germs to others. It’s quick, it’s simple, and it can keep us all from getting sick. Handwashing is a win for everyone, except the germs.
Germs are everywhere! They can get onto hands and items we touch during daily activities and make you sick. Cleaning hands at key times with soap and water or hand sanitizer is one of the most important steps you can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to those around you.
There are important differences between washing hands with soap and water and cleaning them with hand sanitizer. For example, alcohol-based hand sanitizers don’t kill ALL types of germs, such as a stomach bug called norovirus, some parasites, and Clostridium difficile, which causes severe diarrhea. Hand sanitizers also may not remove harmful chemicals, such as pesticides and heavy metals like lead. Handwashing reduces the amounts of all types of germs, pesticides, and metals on hands. Knowing when to clean your hands and which method to use will give you the best chance of preventing sickness.
* Do NOT use hand sanitizer if your hands are visibly dirty or greasy: for example, after gardening, playing outdoors, or after fishing or camping (unless a handwashing station is not available). Wash your hands with soap and water instead.
Workers may be required to work in hot environments for long periods. When the human body is unable to maintain a normal temperature (98.6 F), heat illnesses can occur and may result in death. It is also important to remember that hot work environments that may contribute to heat illness also exist indoors. The most serious heat illness is heat stroke, which can be fatal requiring that the symptoms be recognized. Precautions also need to be taken to prevent other heat illnesses; heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat rash, and even sunburn.
Heat Stroke is the most serious heat-related health problem and a life-threatening emergency. Heat stroke occurs when the body’s temperature regulating system fails and body temperature rises to critical levels (greater than 104°F). This is a medical emergency that may result in death.
Get medical help immediately-- Call 911! Until medical help arrives:
Heat Exhaustion is the next most serious heat-related health problem. Heat exhaustion is a condition whose symptoms may include heavy sweating and a rapid pulse, a result of your body overheating.
Heat cramps are intermittent, involuntary spasms of larger muscles that occur in an individual who is physically active in hot weather. Muscle pains are usually caused by the loss of body salts and fluid during sweating. Heat cramps are the least serious of the three heat-related illnesses, but still may be very painful and alarming.
Heat Rash is the most common problem in hot work environments. Heat rash is caused by sweating and looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters.
According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, ladder related incidents cause over 90,000 individual emergency room visits each year. Of those 90,000 incidents, 32% resulted in fractures.
All Ladders are not created equal – the use of improper ladders can result in reaching, slipping or falling. To prevent injuries, there are risk factors that should be understood when selecting and using ladders.
use non-conductive ladders when performing electrical work.
Use leg extensions to bring the ladder level, if necessary.
Extend ladders high enough to safely perform work
Always comply with manufacturer safety warnings.
Check for loose or bent rungs.
Cracks in the frame.
A frame ladder locks are in tract.
Check for ladder or grease on rungs.
Replace any broken parts with manufacturer parts only.
If cracks are visual in the frame or parts not available take out of service and destroy.
Face the Ladder and use both hands.
Minimize over- reaching.
Always wear safety harness when working at levels greater than six feet.
Wear shoes with nonskid soles.
Never stand on the top two rungs.
Secure Ladder by chain or equivalent when not in use.
Lay down the ladder or secure it so it cannot fall on someone or something.
This Safety Bulletin includes, but is not limited to, the placement of equipment such as ladders, scaffold, booms, forklifts, aerial lifts, sets, cranes or other rigging.
General Clearances Required from Energized Overhead High-Voltage Conductors.
The operation, erection, handling or transportation of tools, machinery, materials, structures, scaffolds, or any other activity where any parts of the above or any part of an employee’s body will come closer than the minimum clearances from energized overhead lines as set forth in Table 1 shall be prohibited.
|Nominal Voltage (Phase to Phase)||Minimum Required Clearance (Feet)|
Boom-type Lifting or Hoisting Equipment Clearances Required from Energized Overhead High-Voltage Lines.
Boom-type lifting or hoisting equipment: The erection, operation, or dismantling of any boom-type lifting or hoisting equipment, or any part thereof, closer than the minimum clearances from energized overhead high-voltage lines set forth in Table 2 shall be prohibited.
|Nominal Voltage (Phase to Phase)||Minimum Required Clearance (Feet)|
When working outside of California in the United States, follow the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 29, Part 1910, Section 333, and follow Table 3 below, unless the state in which you are working has separate standards, which can be accessed on the state’s OSHA website. Production should always consult the proper authority (federal and/or state) to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations for the jurisdiction in which they are working.
Federal Clearances Required When Working On or Near Exposed Energized Parts.
When an unqualified person is working in an elevated position near overhead lines, the location shall be such that the person and the longest conductive object he or she may contact cannot come closer to any unguarded, energized overhead line than the following distances:
|Nominal Voltage (Phase to Phase)||Minimum Required Clearance (Feet)|
|50,000 or below||10|
|over 50,000||10 feet plus 4 inches for every 10,000 volts over 50,000 volts|
Production companies may choose to set greater clearance requirements than listed above. If there are questions or concerns, consult with your studio or job site safety representative for more information.
All managers and crew shall strive for the highest safety standards and work diligently to maintain a safe and healthy work environment. Communication of information is one of the most effective measures to ensure a safe set.
Safety takes precedence over expediency
In “live event planning” situations, safety meetings are strongly recommended to make all involved aware of the apparent and potential hazards in the day’s work. For example, safety meetings should be held: (1) when production and or live events moves to a new location; (2) when there is a significant change in live stage set-ups; (3) when fatigue may be of concern; or (4) when there are significant changes to the original plan for the day. Safety meetings should be conducted by the event manager and should be attended by all affected crewmembers.
In event stage set-up situations, the Construction Coordinator and/or Department Head should conduct safety meetings (toolbox talks, tailgate meetings, etc.) to address pertinent safety issues, use of specialized equipment, or unusual construction activities and/or rigging. The Construction Department is required to have a Safety Meeting at least once every ten (10) days, or when new equipment is introduced and/or when special situations require additional meetings.
When creating smoke or fog effects, qualified technicians will be used that utilize the minimum concentration necessary to achieve the desired effect.
According to the National Ski Areas Association (NSAA), 54.8 million skier/snowboarders visited the mountains during the 2016/17 season, resulting in 44 fatalities (33 skiers and 11 snowboarders) of which 82% were male. There were 33 catastrophic injuries as a result of a broken neck or back, leading to paralysis and severe head trauma. 68% of catastrophic injuries and fatalities were the result of collisions with trees, skiers or other objects.
Following some fundamental guidelines and learning more about the risks associated with these winter sports will create greater awareness and improve the frequency and severity of common skiing and snowboarding injuries.
Pre-conditioning is intended to prepare an individual for the strenuous requirements of high elevations and fatiguing conditions: physical demands and lack of oxygen.
8-10 hours of rest to minimize fatigue and maximize alertness.
Daily stretching to condition areas of potential injury and during a fall.
Plan to stay hydrated and take frequent breaks during strenuous activities
Understand your skill level and ski accordingly
The boot/binding interface is the most common cause of equipment-related injury due the rigid couplings increased force on the leg and knee.
What to check:
What to wear:
All personnel scheduled for water work shall be notified in advance via the Call Sheet. Personnel who are uncomfortable working in or around water should notify their supervisor prior to that day’s call.
When necessary, implement a plan to account for personnel in the water, such as a “buddy” or a check in/check out system.
When working in contact with water, the Director of Operations should identify and make known prior to actual activities, all available knowledge regarding currents and natural/man-made hazards, including sub-surface objects, underwater life and contamination. Upstream activities, such as dams, waste disposal sites, agriculture, chemical plant dumping sites, flash flood dangers should also be evaluated. If a potential safety hazard is found to exist, the Producer should take appropriate steps to mitigate the hazard.
Extreme care should be taken regarding dangerous marine life, including reptiles.
Special care must be used when electricity is used in or around water. All electrical cables and lights near water shall be properly secured to prevent tipping and falling. All wiring, electrical equipment and devices that may be submerged under water should be approved for underwater use, be watertight, have no exposed live connections and be constructed such that there is no shock hazard. Follow applicable provisions of the National Electric Code and/or local regulations.
When lighting, electrical distribution, or any electrically powered equipment is used near water or can make contact with water, the use of GFCI (ground-fault circuit interrupter) should be evaluated by a qualified person. This includes all areas where water hazards exist. When persons, wardrobe, props, or equipment are wet, the need for GFCI protection should be evaluated. GFCIs should not be used on circuits where removal of power may create a greater hazard, such as airbags, decelerators, emergency egress lighting, etc.
Prior to personnel entering a body of water, the water should be determined to meet the applicable regulatory standards for “recreational full body contact”. This determination may be made by: direct water sampling, confirmation by local health authorities and/or detailed other knowledge of the uses and water sources supplying the body of water. Water sampling results and acceptable water quality criteria shall be made available upon request. When it is determined that a body of water is contaminated or hazardous, the contamination or hazard should be neutralized or the site shall be avoided.
The Director of Operations should take steps to prevent hyperthermia (elevated body temperature) and hypothermia (reduced body temperature). Provisions for post-immersion washing should be available.
When working in fast-moving rivers, downstream safety pickup personnel and safety equipment should be stationed for downstream emergency rescue.
Pre-planning can reduce many of the potential dangers posed by inclement weather. The location manager, his/her department representative or production management, should develop an "action plan" when preparing to use locations that may present an inclement or severe weather hazard.
Lightning results from the buildup and discharge of electrical energy in clouds. Lightning may strike several miles from an associated thunderstorm and may strike when no clouds or rain are present.
High winds can be associated with extreme weather phenomenon including thunderstorms, tornados, hurricanes, and high and low pressure systems. During the summer months in the Western States, thunderstorms often produce little rain but very strong wind gusts (some up to 100 mph) and dust storms.
Hail is usually associated with thunderstorms and is caused by freezing rain that can become very large.
Blizzards and Snow Storms occur during winter months across much of the US.
Avalanches (snow) can be triggered on snowy mountainous terrain; usually by victim(s) or members of victims' party. Generally occurs with clear skies, after a snow fall, with light or calm winds, and on 30-40 degree slopes, the often occur at a convex part of the slope. Avalanches are triggered when a layer of snow, often surface hoar, becomes too weak to support the weight of the snow above it.
Hurricanes are slow developing tropical weather phenomenon that form over water. They are also known as cyclones or typhoons. The combination of rainfall, storm surge, and high winds create a high potential for damage as they come on shore. Because they are slow developing, weather forecasts provide warning before they arrive.
Zurich Production Solutions helps our clients identify, remedy, and prevent workplace safety and compliance problems across their entire enterprise. The combination of ZPS software, consulting, and training helps companies minimize overall risk so they can focus on what’s important – their core business.